This is a continuation of a previous article on domestic beef cattle breeds.

See the other articles:
Domestic Beef Cattle: Terminology and Breeds (Part 1)
Domestic Beef Cattle Breeds (Part 2)
Domestic Beef Cattle Breeds (Part 3)
Domestic Beef Cattle Breeds (Part 4)

 

Belgian Blue (shaved to show muscling)

Belgian Blue (shaved to show muscling)

Belgian Blue

Belgian Blue

 11. Belgian Blue

  • Origin: Belgium. Developed in the 1800’s with local pied cattle, Shorthorns, and possibly Charolais.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Lean and tender.
  • Size: Large.
  • Color: White, blue-ish, black with various patterns.
  • Horns: Small.
  • Temperament: Good disposition.
  • Notes: This breed has a genetic trait known as double-muscling which results in high meat production (20% higher). But this trait can also result in significant calving problems, so many calves are born via cesarean section.

 

Blonde d'Aquitaine

Blonde d’Aquitaine

Blonde d'Aquitaine

Blonde d’Aquitaine

12. Blonde d’Aquitaine

  • Origin: France. Originated in the 50o’s AD in southwestern France (Garonne Valley and Pyrenees Mountains in the Aquitaine district) as a dual-purpose meat and draft animal, but developed for beef in the 1940’s with small addition of Charolais, Limousin, and Shorthorn.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Well-marbled. Fine-grained.
  • Size: Medium to Large.
  • Color: Gold (tan to brown).
  • Horns: Polled or Horned.
  • Temperament: Gentle.
  • Notes: Very hardy. Heat-tolerant. Easy calving.

 

Braford

Braford

Braford

Braford

13. Braford

  • Origin: USA (Florida). Developed in 1947 with Brahman (3/8) and Hereford (5/8).
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Has won numerous “taste” awards
  • Size: Medium to Large.
  • Color: Reddish-brown with white facial markings.
  • Horns: Polled (natural)
  • Temperament: “docile and alert, are active in the paddock which enables them to forage for food and the bulls to seek out the cows for mating, easy to manage and handle, respond well to handling and are smart and easy to muster”
  • Notes: Heat-tolerant. Easy calving. Long-lived. Good mothers. Good milk production.

 

Brahman

Brahman

Brahman

Brahman

14. Brahman

  • Origin: USA. Developed from four breeds of Indian Zebu cattle (Gir, Guzerat, Nelore, and Krishna Valley) in the 1920-30’s in Texas and Louisiana.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Lean meat. Flavorful and tender.
  • Size: Medium to Large.
  • Color: Light gray to gray to brown to black.
  • Horns: Small to medium.
  • Temperament: Can range from very docile to very high-strung – breeding is important!
  • Notes: Heat-tolerant. Long-lived. Fast growth. Good performance on less than ideal feed.

 

Braunvieh

Braunvieh

Braunvieh

Braunvieh

15. Braunvieh

  • Origin: Switzerland. The breed originated in Switzerland, and many consider it the oldest pure breed still in existence. The specific milk production lines of this breed occurred in the 1890’s in Canada and the USA. In the 1960’s to the 1980’s, the focus on beef  lines in North America began, and new stock were imported from Switzerland.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: “inherent superiority in grade of meat”
  • Size: Medium.
  • Color: Brown.
  • Horns: Polled or Horned.
  • Temperament: Docile and quiet. “Known for ease of handling.”
  • Notes: Easy calving. Cold-hardy. Good milk production. Good performance on grass/pasture. Long-lived Braunvieh means “brown cow” in German.

 

BueLingo

BueLingo

BueLingo

BueLingo

16. BueLingo

  • Origin: USA (North Dakota). Created by Russ Bueling from Dutch Belted (Lakenvelder), Angus, Shorthorn, and Chianna genetics in the 1980’s.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: “rich, full flavor”
  • Size: Medium.
  • Color: Black or reddish-brown with a white belt.
  • Horns: Polled, occasional horns.
  • Temperament: Docile.
  • Notes: Easy calving. Good mothers.

 

Canadian Speckle Park

Canadian Speckle Park

Canadian Speckle Park

Canadian Speckle Park

17. Canadian Speckle Park

  • Origin: Canada (Saskatchewan). Developed from Angus and Shorthorn and “an English breed wiht a white park pattern” in the 1950’s, but was only officially recognized in 2006.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Well-marbled. Consistent, high quality carcases.
  • Size: Medium.
  • Color: Black and white.
  • Horns: Polled (natural)
  • Temperament: Calm. Quiet.
  • Notes: Hardy. Easy calving. Good mothers (protective but calm with humans).

 

Charolais

Charolais

Charolais

Charolais

18. Charolais

  • Origin: France. Originated in Charolais, an area of France named after the town of Charolles in Burgandy. Originally a draft, dairy, and meat animal, it has been bred for beef since the mid 1700’s.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Considered some of the choicest beef in the world. “Mouthwatering, perfectly marbled, meltingly tender.”
  • Size: Medium to Large.
  • Color: White with a red hue.
  • Horns: Horned but there are some polled lines.
  • Temperament: “Fairly docile”, “Reasonably good to deal with”, “”High strung”, “Not-so-good temperament” – this is a fairly common breed, so temperament can vary widely.
  • Notes: Fast growth. Often crossed with other breeds (Angus and Hereford are most common).

 

Chianina

Chianina

Chianina

Chianina

19. Chianina

  • Origin: Italy. Developed initially to be a draft animal, it is now a beef animal and is one of the oldest breeds in the world. Developed 2200 years ago in the Tuscany, Umbria, and Lazio regions of Italy.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: High quality.
  • Size: Very Large.
  • Color: White to gray with black points.
  • Horns: Small.
  • Temperament: Docile (bred to be a draft animal which would work closely with humans)
  • Notes: Considered the tallest and heaviest breed of cattle; bulls can exceed 3,500 lbs (1,600 kg) and stand over 6-6.5 feet (1.8-2 meters) tall at the hip! Fast growth. Good foragers. Disease resistant. Tolerant of heat. Often used to make crosses.

 

Corriente

Corriente

Corriente

Corriente

20. Corriente

  • Origin: USA and Mexico. Descended from Spanish cattle brought to the Americas in the late 1400’s (as early as 1493)!
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Very lean meat, but with good flavor.
  • Size: Small.
  • Color: Variety of colors and patterns.
  • Horns: Medium to large.
  • Temperament: Wide variety of temperaments.
  • Notes: Primarily used as sport cattle in rodeos. Good foragers.

 

 

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Photo References:

  • http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-8HwFxIAbdyw/Tzyh7gX-HII/AAAAAAAAAI0/XUpNOlA1bDo/s1600/BELGIUM+BLUE.jpg
  • http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-M1kKHd-oqRQ/TlzBw-hsljI/AAAAAAAAAlU/VjRTdyLFrlU/s1600/yann-arthus-bertrand-farm-animal-portraits-belgian-blue-cattle-bull.jpg
  • http://bib.ge/img_animal/17199095blonde_aquitaine.jpg
  • http://www.lesvachesdutour.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Suzy-the-Blonde-DAquitaine.jpg
  • http://www.edengarry.com/pic-gal/p-gal-05.jpg
  • http://www.ascot-neimenbrafords.com.au/Admin/userfiles/media/23_Show-Cattle/Lot%201%20Ascot%20Cobra%201620.jpg
  • http://www.fennbrahmans.net/100_0087.JPG
  • http://www.brahman.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/img-01.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fb/CH_cow_2.jpg
  • http://blackbraunvieh.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/JAMES.jpg
  • http://www.dickinsonlonghorn.net/hr/z_7319.jpg
  • http://www.dickinsonlonghorn.net/hr/S_3701.jpg
  • http://www.legacyspecklepark.com/30u.jpg
  • http://www.canadianspecklepark.ca/sites/default/files/images/cow02.jpg
  • http://www.gretnahousecharolais.co.uk/userimages/GretnaHouseUltimate.JPG
  • http://www.editeur-de-gout.com/MaisonMasseNewsLetter/images/charolais.png
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/Chianina_cow_and_calf,_Tuscany.jpg
  • http://www.slowfood.de/w/files/fotosammlung3/chianina_classica.jpg
  • http://sundancelb.com.s168334.gridserver.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/2012-SUNDANCE-LB-PICS-BY-LB-003.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/28/Corriente_cattle_white_belly.jpg