This is a continuation of a previous article on domestic beef cattle breeds.

See the other articles:
Domestic Beef Cattle: Terminology and Breeds (Part 1)
Domestic Beef Cattle Breeds (Part 2)
Domestic Beef Cattle Breeds (Part 3)
Domestic Beef Cattle Breeds (Part 4)

 

Red Devon (horned)

Red Devon (horned)

Red Devon bull (polled)

Red Devon bull (polled)

21. Devon

  • Origin: Devon County, England
  • Type: Meat (there is a Milking Devon which makes great milk!)
  • Flavor: Tender, well-marbled. The Milking Devon is on the Slow Food USA’s Ark of Taste.
  • Size: Medium.
  • Color: Deep red to ruby red.
  • Horns: Medium-sized horns or polled (naturally non-horned).
  • Temperament: Gentle.
  • Notes: The Devon, also known as the Red Devon or Ruby Reds, are one of my favorite breeds. I love that they were a traditional, triple-purpose breed (beef, milk, and draft), that they were the first British cattle in the New World in 1623 (Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts), that George Washington kept this breed at his farm (Mount Vernon), and that they have excellent production on grass/pasture-based farms. In the 1950’s, some farmers started selecting for beef traits, and some started selecting for dairy traits, and the beef Devon and the Milking Devon were created. Known for being hardy, easy calving, and good mothering instincts.

 

Dexter cattle

Dexter cattle… yes, they are full grown!

Dexters come in various colors.

Dexters come in various colors.

22. Dexter

  • Origin: Southwestern Ireland.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Lean, but tender.
  • Size: Very small (3-3.5 feet/1 meter tall!)
  • Color: Mostly black, but dark red and dun exist.
  • Horns: Small, but in proportion to their body. There are also polled (naturally hornless) strains.
  • Temperament: Gentle. Friendly.
  • Notes: Hardy. Does well on pasture. Good fertility. Good mothering. They still retain higher milk production from their dual-purpose (milk and meat) roots; although hey were traditionally triple-purpose cattle (meat, milk, and draft). These cattle are not miniatures, but are the smallest British breed.

 

Florida Cracker cattle in the pine woods.

Florida Cracker cattle in the pine woods.

Florida Crackers have some of the most diverse colors and patterns.

Florida Crackers have some of the most diverse colors and patterns.

23. Florida Cracker

  • Origin: Florida (USA), originally brought to the Southern U.S. by Spanish Conquistadors in the 1500’s.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Leand and flavorful. Listed on the Slow Food USA’s Ark of Taste.
  • Size: Small (cows: 600-800 lbs/270-360 kg; bulls: 800-1,200 lbs/360-545 kg)
  • Color: Variety of colors and patterns.
  • Horns: Medium to large with various shapes.
  • Temperament: Docile. Easy to manage.
  • Notes: Heat and humidity resistant. Disease resistant. Forage very well (can thrive on rough pasture and brush). High fertility. Good mothering. Long-lived. Some cattle strains also are good milk producers.

 

Red and Black Belted Galloway

Red and Black Belted Galloway

White Galloway

White Galloway

24. Galloway

  • Origin: Southwestern Scotland.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Tender and juicy.
  • Size: Medium.
  • Color: Shaggy coat of black, red, dun. The “White Galloway” is white with black ears, feet, tail, udders, and around the eyes. The “Belted Galloway” is black, red, or dun with a white “belt” around the middle, and they have a separate registry.
  • Horns: Naturally polled (hornless).
  • Temperament: Mild-mannered.
  • Notes: Hardy. Cold-tolerant. Easy calving. Performs well on rough forage.

 

Gelbvieh, in the classic yellow color

Gelbvieh, in the classic yellow color

Gelbvieh also come in other colors

Gelbvieh also come in other colors

25. Gelbvieh

  • Origin: Germany (from red landrace cattle from Bavaria with Oberland Bernese and Red Danish.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: “Tender, tasty meat”
  • Size: Medium to Large.
  • Color: Often yellow, but can be black, red, and cream.
  • Horns: Horned or polled.
  • Temperament: Docile and calm.
  • Notes: “Gelbvieh” means “yellow cow” in German. Good mothers. Good fertility.

 

Hays Converter retain their Hereford white face and belly

Hays Converter retain their Hereford white face and belly

Hays Converter

Hays Converter bull

26. Hays Converter

  • Origin: Canada (from Holstein, Hereford, and Brown Swiss). Developed by Harry Hays, the Minister of Agriculture for Canada.
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: No reliable information
  • Size: Medium to Large.
  • Color: Red or black with a white face and belly.
  • Horns: Medium.
  • Temperament: described as having a “good “, “excellent”, and “lovely” temperament
  • Notes: Hardy. Cold-tolerant. Long-lived. Good fertility. Fast growth. This is the first Canadian breed of beef cattle.

 

Hereford bull, cow, and calf

Hereford bull, cow, and calf

Hereford cattle

Hereford cattle

27. Hereford

  • Origin: England (Herefordshire County).
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Tender and juicy
  • Size: Medium.
  • Color: Red with white face, belly, tail, and feet.
  • Horns: Horned or polled (naturally hornless… but this is less common).
  • Temperament: Even-tempered and docile.
  • Notes: Hardy in cold and heat. Good performance on grass.

 

Highland cattle

Highland cattle

Highland cow and calf

Highland cow and calf

28. Highland

  • Origin: Scotland (in the Highlands).
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Lean and tasty.
  • Size: Medium.
  • Color: Shaggy hair in various colors.
  • Horns: Large.
  • Temperament: Docile, even-tempered, friendly, “Quiet and charming”
  • Notes: Hardy. Insect resistant. Performs well on grass and rough forage. Another of my favorite breeds.

 

Limousin bull

Limousin bull

Limousin cow and calf

Limousin cow and calf

29. Limousin

  • Origin: France (Limousin province).
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Tender and lean, full of flavor
  • Size: Medium.
  • Color: Golden red, dark red, or black.
  • Horns: Horned or polled (naturally hornless).
  • Temperament: Wide range of temperament depending on the breeding
  • Notes: Hardy. Good mothers. Efficient growth.

 

Lincoln Red bull

Lincoln Red bull

Lincoln Red cattle

Lincoln Red cattle

30. Lincoln Red

  • Origin: England (from Shorthorn and native cattle from Lincolnshire county).
  • Type: Meat.
  • Flavor: Marbled, tender, “succulent”
  • Size: Medium.
  • Color: Deep red.
  • Horns: Horned or polled (naturally hornless).
  • Temperament: Docile, “excellent” temperament
  • Notes: Hardy. Long-lived. Easy calving. Early maturing. Good production on grass and rough pasture.

 

 

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Photo References:

  • http://www.ntsouthwest.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/KL-Red-Devon-Cows-in-front-of-house.jpg
  • http://www.redrubydevon.co.uk/image.php?w=780&h=450&type=crop&f=aW1hZ2VzL2hvbWVwYWdlXzI1LmpwZw%3D%3D
  • http://www.cheshirewildlifetrust.org.uk/sites/cheshire.live.wt.precedenthost.co.uk/files/images/Dexters_Tom%20Marshall.jpg
  • http://www.gormellick.co.uk/images/136866.jpg
  • http://www.cccourthouse.org/content/image/DSC_1103.jpg
  • http://www.hillsboroughcounty.org/images/pages/N3301/0294_FloridaCowboys045_2.jpg
  • http://www.dartmoorbeltedgalloways.co.uk/images/black-red-belted-galloway-cattle.jpg
  • http://www.puregrassbeef.com/yahoo_site_admin/assets/images/SAM_0862.201125853_std.JPG
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/54/Black_Gelbvieh_cow_and_Calf.jpg
  • http://i911.photobucket.com/albums/ac320/townfarmer/ekka%202010/IMG_1057.jpg
  • http://www.bovin.qc.ca/bovins_files/images/races/boucherie/hays_converter_attente.jpg
  • http://www.canadianbeefbreeds.com/siteadmin/upload/Breed%20Photos/Hays_CowCalf_HiRes.jpg
  • http://www.herouldmedeherefords.co.uk/images/P1000400.jpg
  • http://herefordmarketing.files.wordpress.com/2014/04/cropped-hereford-11.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/43/Cow_on_Pupers.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6d/Highland_Cattle_2.jpg
  • http://www.peacecountrylimousin.com/Cow%20pic-whatareyoulookingat-compressed.JPG
  • http://www.bullseyebreeding.com/images/Veteran_Lrg.jpg
  • http://www.lincolnshirelife.co.uk/images/uploads/main-images/_main/COWS_01.jpg
  • http://www.genusbreeding.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/DSC_6399-Walmer-Piper.jpg